Hamad International Airport Construction
Written by Oryx
In our ongoing series, Oryx takes a walk through the groundbreaking Hamad International Airport. This month, we take a look at the mammoth design and construction phases of HIA.
Positioned at the edge of the Arabian Gulf, Hamad International Airports (HIA)tranquil waterside setting provides a perfect backdrop for its stylish architectural design, supported by advanced airport systems that make HIA a cutting-edge development.
More than 1,000 architects, designers, engineering consultants, and project managers worked on the project, whose tremendous scope represents an upgrade from Doha International Airport that coincides with Qatars own growth and prosperity over the last decade.
It is the first airport designed by an airline; Qatar Airways Chief Executive Officer, His Excellency Mr. Akbar Al Baker, said during development: We want a world-class facilityìWe will not compromise on quality. We will not compromise on standards. I think when you put everything together, there will be no other airport of such a high standard.
The signature 18m canopy overhang of the terminals undulating roof creates a grand entrance and provides significant solar shading to the most exposed portions of the glazed façades which also provide great views of the airfield and adjacent Arabian Gulf, speaking to a theme of flow that pervades every aspect of Hamad International Airport, including a 29-hectare lagoon that reinforces the airports visual and physical connection to the sea.
With HIA serving as a vital global hub, ensuring seamless passenger flow was essential. The design team used computer simulations to model passenger flows and create the most efficient circulation and processing systems possible, allowing for an uncrowded feel despite the huge number of travellers passing through daily.
The airports 700m-long automated people-mover system links the terminals north and south sides and, according to the airport, is the only airport rail system in the world that is completely inside a concourse.
In addition to its revolutionary retail space, HIA also includes a beautiful aquatic-themed public mosque with a 50m-diameter glass dome and a 36m-high minaret; a near 3,500-car parking garage, five operations centres, four central utility plants, and a four-storey, 226,100 sq. m flight catering facility.
Designed to ultimately accommodate 50 million passengers annually, the airport covers an area of 29km2, with 60% constructed on land reclaimed from the Gulf. HIAs passenger terminal encompasses 60 hectares and stands as Dohas largest building.
Managing a project of this scope with proper respect to environmental concerns was a challenging but uncompromising endeavour. In the end, more than 8 million m3 of waste material was removed, desalinated, and used as landfill the Gulfs largest such environmental project.In keeping with Qatars oft-cited gateway to the world foresight, HIAs western runway is the eighth longest in the world, at 4,850m, a perfect landing spot for the revolutionary A380 the largest passenger jet in the world of which Qatar Airways has 13 on order and for which HIA stands as the only airport specifically designed for its use.
Airport Land Size